Methamphetamine is a psychoactive drug that affects the central nervous system. Methamphetamine is white and bitter tasting, unscented, crystalline powder taken with water or alcohol. It is consumed orally, via injections or snorting or through smoking. Methamphetamine is also known as speed, chalk, meth, ice, crystal, crank and glass.
Methamphetamine is obtainable only with a doctor’s prescription as it is a Schedule II drug. Doctors prescribe only a limited amount of dosage due to its abuse.
Effects of Methamphetamine Abuse
Methamphetamine increases the supply of dopamine in the brain, which brings a powerful and intense ecstasy to the addict consuming it. It gives an unknown rush and pleasure.
Methamphetamine functions like many other drugs that liberate and suspend the absorption of dopamine increasing the level of chemicals in the brain. Excessive use of the drug significantly hampers the functionality of the brain. Repeated use of the drug can lead to addiction or abuse, which brings chemical and molecular changes in the brain.
Methamphetamine abuse Signs
Injections and smoking of the drug causes a quick deep sensation and rush. Orally consumed methamphetamine causes a greater high that may last for at least half a day. Increased consumption of methamphetamine can raise the temperature of the body to such a level that can be fatal. It may also cause seizures.
In the long run with the increased use of methamphetamine, the addict experiences hallucinations, mood swings, repetitive motor activity, stroke and weight loss. A person also gets repeatedly paranoid. Addiction to methamphetamine hampers the addict’s dental structure by causing the teeth to erode and decay.
The drug abuser also displays violent behavioral patterns, anxiety, confusion, delusions and insomnia. An addict also tends to reduce his or her meal intakes and sleep. They are unable to resist their desire to consume more drugs. An addict starts to consume the drug more often and may resort to different methods of consumption.
An addict’s sense of judgment and behavioral pattern is hampered due to the chronic use of methamphetamine. An abuser may practice unsafe and risky sexual activities. Indiscriminate use of methamphetamine also transmits disease such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. These diseases are transmitted by using the same injections and syringes.
Methamphetamine addicts who are also HIV positive experience neuronal injury and cognitive impairment to a greater extent. Further excessive intake of methamphetamine also leads to a burning sensation in the heart lining, damages the blood vessels and causes skin sores and blisters. It can also cause lead poisoning.
Methamphetamine consumed during pregnancy can result in prenatal complications, premature delivery, neonatal behavioral pattern like abnormal reflexes and extreme irritation. It also leads to congenital deformities. An individual addicted to methhamphetamines will suffer from meth withdrawal symptoms that include depression, anxiety, fatigue, paranoia, aggression, and an intense craving for the drug.
Treatment for Methamphetamine Addiction
The latest and the best treatment available for methamphetamine abuse is cognitive-behavioral interventions that explore an individual’s internal mental state. An addict can also join a support recovery group 800-303-2482 along with the cognitive behavioral interventions. There are no identified pharmaceutical treatments available, however a person with an overdose of methamphetamine can be cooled off in ice baths and may also be given anticonvulsant drugs.
A combined effort and support from family, friends and society also helps the addict. Educating and creating awareness about the drug and its harmful effects can help in saving many lives. The government should also enforce strict laws and regulations to curb the illegal circulation of methamphetamine. As you can see, we can safely say that you should take methamphetamine abuse seriously.