There is a high potential for methamphetamine abuse for anyone subjected to it. Doctor’s may prescribe it, but its medical use is limited. It is not possible to have a prescription refilled. A doctor may prescribe it in the treatment of obesity, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or narcolepsy.
In general, manufactured illegally, it is a white odorless crystalline powder that has a bitter taste. It can be mixed with water or alcohol and ingested orally, or injected or smoked. Once in the body, methamphetamine causes the rapid release of dopamine in the brain, which causes an intense rush, a high.
Continual uses of the drug significantly changes how the brain functions. This is clearly shown in noninvasive human brain imagining. Alterations in the dopamine system impact on those areas of the brain that influence motor skills, verbal learning, emotion and memory. All of these areas are significantly impaired. Addicts suffer emotional and cognitive difficulties.
Methamphetamine abusers chronically relapse and compulsively seek and use the drug. This behavior brings forth increasingly greater chemical and molecular changes in the brain. However, if an addict can stay away from methamphetamine over a prolonged period of time, some reversal of the brain damage may occur.
Prolonged use of methamphetamine causes an inability to sleep, a lack of interest in food, rapid breath patterns and heart rate, increased blood pressure and hyperthermia. Addicts quite often also suffer extreme weight loss and severe dental problems.
Some women, wanting to lose weight, take the drug. However, it is not an effective weight loss tool because as soon as the person stops taking the drug, the weight returns. Besides, more and more of the drug is required for it to continue being effective. They develop psychosis including paranoia, visual and auditory hallucinations and delusions.
Euphoria, increased energy and alertness, and an increased libido are the immediate seemingly pleasant effects of the drug. Pregnant and nursing women need to know that methamphetamine crosses the placenta and can be found in breast milk.
If needles are used to take methamphetamine and the needle is shared, the risk of contracting HIV increases. Studies indicate that methamphetamine abusers with HIV experience greater neuronal injury and cognitive impairment, when compared to HIV-positive people who are not methamphetamine addicts. Putting HIV aside, addicts engage in a lot of unsafe behavior and tend to have indiscriminate sex.
Unfortunately, as of now, there are no medications available to help a methamphetamine addict get over the addiction. Nonetheless, cognitive-behavior intervention has proven effective. The Matrix-Model has been particularly useful. It combines behavioral therapy, family education and individual counseling. In addition it offers 12-step support and drug testing.
Poor man’s cocaine is one of many names given to methamphetamine. It can be made from materials readily found in drugstores, and can be manufactured in small quantities in basements, garages or anywhere else in the house for that matter. It is easy to make, and it is dangerous to make. Fire explosions, pollution and long term health effects place everyone in the neighborhood at risk.
News regarding methamphetamine abuse is good. In recent years there has been a significant drop in teen use, with only 1.2 percent of those surveyed admitting using it. The lowest number since 1999, when 4.7 percent reported use. Easy to produce, cheap to buy, more addictive than heroin or cocaine, the fact that young people are losing interest brings hope to the possibility of its eradication. With that being said, there are still those suffering from this and if you are one of them or if you know someone, it is best to seek help 800-303-2482 as soon as possible.